Tuesday, April 12, 2005
Here is the pre-butchered Wikipedia article -- mostly as I wrote it
by Constance Cumbey
April 12, 2005
Below, with a few minor modifications to restore it to the best of my current memory as it substantially was before SqueakBox and company started Wikipedia 'editing' cum chopping, is the former Wikipedia Article on Javier Solana. Solana clearly deserves a book, if not volumes, but this was an attempt to present salient facts over and above the very limited picture of himself he gave in his official biographies. A very similar version of the original Wikipedia article also appears on the Wiki Global Elite site for which I have side site links. I have also added back the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh material that SqueakBox evidently chopped in the hopes of making Solana and his family look more traditional than they really were. The footnotes/'External links' have been reformatted for your convenience in conforming to blogger limitation realities.
Javier Solana (born July 14, 1942), the 1995-1999 NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Secretary General, is, since late 1999, Secretary General of both the European Union and the 10 nation permanent member Western European Union. He also holds the title of the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy of the EU, a position created by the European Union's "Council of Vienna" in December 1998.
Effective June 29, 2004, Javier Solana has been officially designated to serve as the new Foreign Minister of the European Union under its forthcoming expected new constitution, effective upon full ratification, planned for 2006.
As such he would combine the positions of Commissioner of External Relations (currently held by Benita Ferraro Waldner) and Common Foreign and Security Policy chief currently held by him. He has a cabinet of his own. That advisory body is expected to grow. It is expected that ratification of the constitution will be complete sometime in 2006. Under the new constitution, he would become a powerful figure in the EU government, having a power of initiative only shared with the presidency. He would also automatically serve as Vice President of the European Union.
Solana was born on July 14, 1942 in Madrid, Spain as "Javier Solana de Madariaga". On his maternal side, he is the grandson of famous Spanish diplomat/writer Salvador de Madariaga de Rojo (1886-1978). Salvador de Madariaga at various times served as Spanish ambassador to the United States and as chief of the Disarmament Section of the League of Nations. He also had a teaching career at England's Oxford University. Salvador de Madariaga was admiringly said to be one of the ten best conversationalists in all of Europe in his day. His writing career ranged from books about Christopher Columbus to analyses of what he considered to be the growing Communist threat to Latin America. Solana's maternal grandmother, Constance Archibald de Madariaga, was born Scottish. Like her diplomat-writer husband, she was also a well known scholar. She was professionally and academically known as an economic historian.
Javier is the younger of the two sons of de Madariaga's daughter Nieves (1917-2003). Solana's mother, like her more famous father, was also a recognized scholar and writer. Her full name at the time of her death was Nieves Hayat de Madariaga Mathews. She was employed for upwards of 20 years by the FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization), a United Nations agency headquartered in Rome. Her Yale University published book on the life of Sir Francis Bacon was released in 1996. The 606 page volume is entitled, Francis Bacon: The History of a Character Assassination.
Nieves de Madariaga Mathews claimed in her acknowledgements that the book was suggested and blessed by "my teacher, Osho, who thought highly of Francis Bacon and gave the book his blessing." "Osho", Solana's mother's teacher was better known to Americans as the highly controversial Oregon compound cult leader, Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh. He was deported from the USA in 1987 and died in India in 1990.
As well as Rajneesh (Osho), Solana's mother was equally deeply and publicly influenced by the works of Immanuel Velikovsky. She devoted much time to her pursuit of both Velikovsky and Sir Francis Bacon literacy and causes.
Javier Solana's only maternal aunt is Isabel de Madariaga, a professor emeritus of Slavonic Studies at the College of London. A brilliant and thorough scholar, she has published extensive historical works, most notably about Russian empress, Catherine the Great.
Javier Solana is the younger of Nieves de Madariaga Mathews' two sons. His older brother Luis Solana is a retired Spanish telephone company chief executive officer; he was the first known Socialist party member to join the Trilateral Commission. He was ardently opposed to the Spanish presidency of General Franco and was reportedly imprisoned for his political activity. Like his older brother, Javier Solana, is an active member of the Trilateral Commission. Although not eligible for membership as he is not an American citizen, Javier Solana is a frequent speaker and enjoys excellent relationships with members of the prestigious US based Council on Foreign Relations Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) He is likewise active with the Foreign Policy Association (FPA) as well as the New York city based East West Institute.
On Solana's paternal side, his grandfather was Don Ezequiel Solana de Ramirez. He was reportedly a revered educator and text book author who died in 1931. His son, Francisco Solana was reportedly Luis and Javier's father.
Education, Early Career, and Associations
Javier Solana's most personally listed affiliation apart from the Socialist party is the Spanish chapter of the Club of Rome. On a personal level, he has been said to "eat little and sleep less;" his is reportedly "a monk's diet of fish and fruit." Some accounts state that although he is active in global disarmament efforts, his favorite personal hobby is "collecting guns".
Professionally, apart from his political careers, Solana holds an undergraduate degree in chemistry (Received in Spain in 1963), a Master's Degree obtained in Great Britain, and a doctorate in physics. Solana is fond of saying that "in a previous incarnation I worked as a professor in solid-state physics." He received his doctorate in 1968 while studying at the University of Virginia under a Fulbright Scholarship in the United States. He taught and worked as a researcher at the University of Virginia between 1968 and 1971. Solana left the USA in 1971 to return to Spain with one of his teaching mentors. There he was employed by Computense University in Madrid, Spain. Again, he was banished for political reasons, i.e. opposition to the Franco government. In 1975, Solana's political nemesis, Generalissimo Francisco Franco died. Thereupon Solana, expelled in his youth for anti-Franco rebellion, gained a Complutense University professorship. That year, also, he re-involved himself in Spanish political life. As a representative of a teacher's union, he ran and won election as the Socialist candidate for the parliamentary seat he was to begin occupying in July 1977.
Solana was officially a Marxist until September 29, 1979. He was also a member of the Spanish socialist party PSOE since 1964. That was the year as well that he joined the "Socialist Youth." In 1976, he represented the Socialists at an internation Socialist Congress held in the French province of Suresnes. He participated in the same Congress held in 1977 in Spain. Solana was designated secretary of Information and Press of the Federal Executive Commission of the PSOE. He was also active in the Teacher's Union, the Federation of Workers of the Education of the General Union of Workers (UGT). He was elected to the Spanish parliament as a representative of the Teacher's Union in 1977. He was continuously a member of the Spanish parliament and steadily advanced in the Felipe Gonzalez administration, steadily advancing through various cabinet positions.
Between 1982 and 1995, he held powerful positions in the Spanish government including that of the Minister for Culture, Minister of Science and Education and lastly as Minister for Foreign Affairs (1992-1995). For most of those years he was also the official spokesman for the Spanish government.
When it was Spain's turn to hold the rotating chairmanships/presidencies of the Council of the European Union and the Western European Union, Solana was designated by Spain to head those posts. Those dual posts coincided in 1995.
On November 20, 1995 during Spain's turn at the rotating six month presidency of the European Union, Javier Solana concluded a treaty between the European Union and Israel.
Although originally scheduled to go into effect on January 1, 1997, the treaty was not officially ratified until June 1, 2000.
[According to Congressional Record speech of Senator Dodd of Connecticut in December, 1995, shortly after Solana's NATO appointment, Solana also taught physics at University of Chicago and at LaJolla, California. So far, I have been unable to independently verify this apart from the Congressional Record items. CEC]
[If this link doesn't work, try cutting and pasting it into your browser and access it independent of this blog. CEC]
Role in NATO
On November 30, 1995, Solana was appointed as NATO Secretary General. His election was a surprise to many, including 52 United States congressmen who telegraphically protested his appointment because of his alleged Marxist and pro-Castro sympathies. He had once been on the USA's own subversive list. He had been best known, according to the Spanish press, as one of Spain's most vocal and prominent opponents of NATO. He had even once written a pamphlet, "50 Reasons to say NO to NATO."
The Secretary General of NATO usually has a ministerial role, passing on instructions from the member nations' consensus to its military components, but during his 1995 to 1999 NATO tenure, Solana was given powers to make military decisions over Yugoslavia. For example, on January 30, 1999, he was given the authority to make all further military decisions over NATO's Balkan operations, including whether or not bombings should occur. Madeleine Albright, USA Secretary of State then said by way of explanation, "Solana has the power and has had it since January 30th [ 1999]. We are speaking with one voice through Javier Solana". On March 21, 1999, USA President Bill Clinton told a national American television audience about the forthcoming bombings: "I agree with Javier Solana's decision to do this." The order to commence bombing against Yugoslavian targets was subsequently given by Solana.
USA General Wesley Clark, who as chief military officer of the NATO coalition reported to and took orders from Solana, reports in his book Waging Modern War that he once asked Solana the secret of his success. Solana reflected briefly and then answered, "First make no enemies. Then never ask a question to which you do not know or do not like the answer."
Roles in the EU and the Western European Union
Solana's NATO term was to have expired in December, 1999; however, he left that job two months early, in October 1999, to take the newly created position of Office of the High Representative of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (also more informally called "Señor PESC]]" ("Mr PESC", in Spanish media)- Post of European Security Commissioner). He was also given the title and responsibility of Secretary General of the European Union; this was to give continuity between the EU's various 6 month rotating presidential administrations. Solana was described by the European press as "tsar of European military and foreign policy."
On November 20, 1999, Javier Solana was also selected by the ten-nation core of the Western European Union (WEU) to be its pending Secretary General, pending unification with the European Union. However, on June 5, 2000, the ten nation WEU noted that under its governing treaties complete merger could not occur, and therefore they supported a proposal to have the WEU Secretary General and CFSP High Representative (both roles of Solana) preside over the PSC (Political Security Committee) and convene the Council of the European Union in the event of an emergency. (Such an emergency was declared after the March 11, 2004, Madrid train bombings.
The WEU appointment [of November 20, 2005] came on the same day as major world leaders were gathering for a major social event at deceased British author Sir Harold Acton's old Italian villa, owned by New York University's School of Law. The gathering was of the Third Way Movement. Solana was in attendance at the villa as were U.S. President and Mrs. Bill Clinton, British Prime Minister Tony Blair, European Commission President Romano Prodi, and many other such distinguished transatlantic leaders.
Javier Solana presides over Europe's Political Security Committee (PSC). All those seated on that committee hold ambassadorial rank in the EU and serve at the pleasure of Javier Solana. All foreign ambassadors of the European Union entity (as opposed to its individual countries) as well as all EU military personnel are accountable to the Council of the European Union through Javier Solana. The EU's hope is that the pending new European constitution will strengthen and extend this European federal-type set of structures.
In December 2003, Solana released the European Security Strategy, "A Secure Europe in a Better World."
Before going to NATO, Javier Solana did most or even all of the spearheading and coordination of the Barcelona Process, the launching pad of the 27 nation "Barcelona Process" expected to lead to a Mediterranean free trade zone by 2010. This conference was opened by him on November 27, 1995. He opened by declaring that it was auspicious that it began on the 900th anniversary of the calling of the first crusade by Pope Urban II, commenting "What a lot of intolerance and misunderstanding that led to." The conference concluded with the 27 nations signing the Barcelona Treaty.
Solana has also negotiated numerous "Treaties of Association" between the European Union and various Mideast countries. In his tenure with the European Union, Javier Solana has been relatively busy on the world stage negotiating various integration treaties with South American countries such as Bolivia and Colombia. He has also been a vital part of the Quartet for Peace in the Middle East along with Kofi Annan of the UN, a Russian representative, and a USA representative. He has been said to be a primary architect of "The Roadmap" itself issued by "The Quartet".
[This part was added by another, I'm not sure who, but it is most likely valid material. CEC] In November 2004, Solana assisted Britain, France, and Germany in negotiating a nuclear material enrichment freeze with the leadership of Iran. The EU through Solana stated it hoped to avoid another American-Iraqi style invasion through this and future negotiations.
Some British and American observers stated that perhaps the EU's motives were to dislodge the USA as the only superpower in the coming 21st century struggle for increasingly scarce global resources.
Solana claimed a pivotal role in unifying the remainder of the former Yugoslavian federation. Reportedly, he proposed accommodating the Montenegrine desires within the new loose union of Serbia and Montenegro (2003), instead of full independence of the parts. Solana claimed this was done to avoid a domino effect from Kosovo and Vojvodina independence demands. Local media sarcastically named the new country "Solania" . Still other observers have pointed to this as a probable "Balkan reduction," noting with alarm that one of the greatest unsolved mysteries of World War II was that Hitler failed to reduce the Balkans before taking on the USA and Russia.
As of 2004, there is increased reliance on Javier Solana by the EU and the WEU. On June 29,, 2004 Javier Solana was selected by the Council of the European Union to be its first Foreign Minister under the new EU Constitution. Until formal ratification of the constitution occurs (planned for 2006), Solana is de facto exercising the defined powers of that future office as well as being responsible for the approximately upwards of 26 billion EURO budget (formerly reserved for the Commissioner of External Affairs). Solana no longer travels with the EU Rotating Presidency and the Commissioner of External Affairs as the reigning EU "troika" -- since the vote of the Council of Ministers, Solana now speaks and travels as the sole voice rather than one of three voices.
On July 20th 2004, Israel's Prime Minister Ariel Sharon declined to meet with Solana, saying that because of an EU vote against Israel at the UN Israel would not work with the EU, notwithstanding it's prominence on the Quartet for Peace in the Middle East. Solana stunned the world, Israel included, by replying that like it or not, both he and the EU were there to stay on the Israeli-Palestinian decision making processes. He is presently may be the major player in structuring a peace plan between Israel and Palestine, with Europe combining with other major players to guarantee regional security for the time any treaty achieved is in force. He is achieving this both through his "Barcelona Process" and the "Roadmap for Peace" in the Middle East, for which he is also acknowledged as a major architect.
The Clinton White House announced in a press conference that Javier Solana was the fulfillment of Henry Kissinger's long stated wish to have only one phone number to ring up for Europe.
Post June 29, 2004, many other sources were making the same observation -- that Kissinger (and anybody else) could ring up Europe by calling just calling Javier Solana. Some Solana-watchers are noting his rise to power with growing fascination. Solana has been criticised for his new powers, and has publicly downplayed his potential powers by saying that even under the new constitution the new Foreign Minister, with all its projected powers, can only be exercised if there is complete unanimity among EU member states. Given Solana's talents in securing consensus but also bringing pressure to bear where necessary, people are interested to watch how Solana and/or his successors in this office play out the role of the new EU Foreign Minister. In end of February Mr. Elmar Brok, German Christian Democrat deputy, and chairman of the European parliament's foreign affairs committee warned in Brussels that Solana "could become too powerful and could be put in charge of an "uncontrollable" new bureaucracy".
On 21 January 2005 Solana invited Ukraine's president-elect Viktor Yushchenko to discuss the possibility of a future EU membership. The report also stated that the EU's Executive Commission had no plans to consider Ukrainian entry into the EU.
As the anti-Franco activist in his youth and the anti-NATO activist in his 40s combined with his leadership of NATO in his 50s, Javier Solana has sometimes been called a "squarer of circles" (i.e. reconciler of opposites). Past illustrations of this (whether intentional or not) were his marriage to the daughter (Concepción Giménez) of a top Franco general and by his heading NATO in his fifties. He has also played an active role in the various Mideast peace processes at least between 1991 and the present time.
Javier Solana is married to Concepcion Giménez Solana, herself a teacher. They are the parents of two grown children: a son, Diego, and a daughter, Vega. Solana reportedly has never moved his immediate family - wife and children - to Brussels, his main residence since first taking his NATO post in December of 1995 and his European Union posts thereafter. He has admitted that his family life has suffered as a result of the schedules from his NATO post and EU jobs forward.
My last word (for now):
That is essentially the material intended for Wikipedia. You may check the links for yourself and judge its fairness and objectivity. Until later, I remain
CONSTANCE E. CUMBEY
Notice, no new information about Solana. No contradictions of information posted in the bio. Just more name calling and sarcasm.
Things should get interesting. Apparently Wikipedia doesn't like negative publicity.
She doesn't lack for attention on a world-wide basis. Web searches show her name appearing on many foreign language sites.
Being noticed by an anonymous set of people who volunteer for Wikipedia is not a step up.
Javier Solana, born in hell, 4004 BC, finally getting a hold on world power.
Oh yes, go to SqueakBox's blog and learn about Solanaville, run by the charismatic dictator Javier Solana. And if you want to see a Solana boosting kangaroo court in action run by five anonymous, hooded klan type accusers, take a trip over to Wikiville. Seems the world lived thru that kind of charismatic leadership 65 years ago.
1. SQUEAKBOX is the antichrist.
2. ONE SALIENT OVERSIGHT is the false prophet.
3. Javier Solana is the altar boy for the two of them!
Now, that's one interesting hypothesis. What does SqueakBox say about THAT?
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